To factory reset

If you are unable to manage your MikroTik device, you can factory reset by pressing the reset button. It may be a small pinhole, it may be a button on the side of the device, or for router boards you may need to short-circuit the board or a jumper.

  1. Turn of the power
  2. Hold down reset and turn on power (reboots with backup boot loader)
    1. If you hold down the reset button while you turn on the power, you will boot with the backup boot loader.
    2. If you hold down the reset button after you turn on the power, you will boot with the normal boot loader.
  3. Release reset after — 3 sec: RouterOS reinstall — 5 sec: Reset configuration — 10 sec: Enable CAPs mode — 15 sec: Enable Netinstall mode.
    1. Reinstall RouterOS - release reset after 3 seconds
      If you fail an RouterOS upgrade or use wrong software, you can reinstall using the RouterBOOT backup loader. After startup, you can force backup loader in the RouterBOARD settings, or reinstall the failed RouterBOOT from a firmware fwf file.
    2. Factory reset configuration - release reset after 5 seconds (when LEDs are flashing)
      This will reset the RouterOS configuration to the factory default settings. Put a cable in port 2 and login with "admin" and a blank password at the MAC address or
    3. Enable CAPs mode - release reset after 10 seconds (when LEDs are solid lighted)
      This will connect your device to a wireless network managed by CAPsMAN.
    4. Start in Netinstall mode - release reset after 15 seconds (when LEDs turn off)
      The MikroTik will be searching for a Netinstall server, which you can use on your laptop to reinstall the software and the configuration.

Remember that even if you have no IP access to the MikroTik, you can always access it with Winbox using the "Neighbours" tab to access by MAC address, as long as you have a cable in the device WAN port. So if you are only missing IP connection to your router, you do not need to reset the configuration.

Advanced resetting

Any MikroTik includes both the user installed RouterBOOT (firmware) and OS, and a backup RouterBOOT (firmware). You can only update the user installed primary version.

When you hold down the reset button before turning on power, the device will boot using the backup RouterBOOT. If you need to reset while booting the user installed RouterBOOT, instead press down the reset button right after turning on power.

If you still have some access to the device, you can also force booting into the backup RouterBOOT using:

If you have attached to the MikroTik with a serial cable, you can access advanced options in the RouterBOOT loader, see the options in the RouterBOOT wiki.

To update the user RouterBOOT (firmware), run:

Backup/restore and import/export

Backup and restore

Backup and restore works with binary files. The files backed up, are only compatible with the exact same hardware specification, it is not enough that it is the same chipset. But if you restore a backup from two hardware types that are very similar, you will be able to restore the file but with some strange results. Ex. backing up the hAP ac lite and restoring to the hAP ac, where the main difference is that the hAP ac has an extra port, will result in all the port names set to wrong ports on the hAP ac. This means that nothing will work, as your NAT, IP addresses etc. suddenly are on the wrong interfaces.

Import and export with .rsc files

The export writes a text file with scripts for setting the entire configuration. The script file is fully interchangable between all MikroTik devices.